Biocomb cyclone burner

Chowonjezera mafuta chotentha ndi kusinthasintha kwa woyatsira mafuta.

Mu moto wa Biocomb cyclone, mafuta olimba amawotcha ndi lawi ngati la woyatsira mafuta. Biocomb cyclone burners ikhoza m'malo mwa oyaka mafuta m'makonzedwe omwe alipo. Kutembenuka kuchokera ku mafuta kupita ku mafuta olimba kumachitika poyimitsa chimphepo chamkuntho kupita komwe wowotchera mafuta akhala. Monga chowotchera mafuta, chimphepo chamayimbidwe chikakwaniritsa zokha ndikuyimitsanso kutsatira. Malo olamulira mpaka 20% ya mphamvu yamsika imapereka ntchito zachuma komanso zosinthika. Choyimira chamimbacho chitha kuthamangitsidwa ndi mafuta olimba amitundu yonse, mwachitsanzo udzu, utuchi, tchipisi cha nkhuni ndi peat komanso zinyalala zaulimi, mafakitale komanso nyumba. Chofunikira kuti mafuta agwiritsidwe ntchito ndikuti amatha kuyendetsa bwino pang'onopang'ono zomwe zimatheka mwa kudula, kuphwanya kapena kufinya. Kukonza mafuta kumatha kuchitika ngati mbali imodzi yoyendetsa mafuta pachomera.

Wowotchera umayamba ndi mafuta. Kenako mafuta olimba amawombera tangentially mu chipinda chophatikizira cha cylindrical. Pakupaka, phulusa limasungidwa kumbuyo kwa chipinda chopangira, pomwe phulusa lomwe limazungulira pang'onopang'ono limasunthira phulusa kuchokera kumakoma mpaka kutsinde ndipo kuchokera pamenepo kudzera pa loko lotchingira ndikusunthira ponyamulira pang'onopang'ono.

Ngati pazifukwa zilizonse magetsi olimba asokonezeka, ntchito yamafuta imangoyatsidwa yokha kuti zitsimikizire kuti magetsi azigwiritsa ntchito. Izi zimatsimikizira kupezeka kwambiri. Wowotchera ndiwothokoza kwambiri chifukwa cha mphamvu zambiri zomwe zimapangidwa ndi mpweya / mafuta osakaniza kwambiri. Izi, limodzi ndi kuchepa kwa kutentha kwa chilengedwe, zimapereka kutentha kwapamwamba kwambiri komanso kuyaka kwambiri.

Ntchito yomanga yokhala ndi zigawo zochepa zoyenda.

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Kapangidwe kazithunzithunzi ndi ntchito

  1. Chosinthira chamimbayo chimakhala chachitsulo. Mkati, chipinda chophatikizira chimafunidwa ndi zadongo, mu chovalacho chimakhala ndi miyala komanso mu gable ndi malo okwerera ndi simenti yotsika. Mtundu wa zoumba zimasinthidwa kuti zigwirizane ndi mikhalidwe yomwe ilipo pakuwotcha mafuta omwe.
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    Mpweya woyaka umayendetsedwa ndikuwotchera kunja kwa chowotcha ndipo kuchuluka kwa mpweya kumawongoleredwa kudzera pama dampers omwe ali mu timabowo tangential. Izi zimabweretsa mpweya wapamwamba komanso chipwirikiti champhamvu. Kapangidwe ka chipinda choyatsira kumathandizira kuti mpweya woyaka ubwerere ukutha kuzungulira kumapeto ndi kunja kudutsa pakatentha.

  3. Zamoyozo zimatengeredwa pang'onopang'ono kupita kuchipinda chothandizira. Mafuta amalowera m'malo opanga mafuta ndipo mafuta amawayatsidwa ndi mpweya woyaka mozungulira
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    kuyenda chakumapeto. Masinthidwewo amatanthauza kuti tinthu tambiri timene timakhala m'mphepete mpaka titaphatikizidwa. Mlingo wake ndi wolondola ndipo nthawi zonse amagwirizana ndi kutuluka kwa mpweya woyendera.

  4. Kuyamba kwadzidzidzi kwamayendedwe amkuntho kumachitika poyambitsa chowotchera mafuta ndi mphamvu ya 70 kW ndipo pambuyo pa 5
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    mphindi yokonza pampu yamafuta wayambitsidwa, yomwe imathandizira motsitsa mphamvu mpaka 50% yamagetsi owotchera. Pambuyo pamafuta enanso 5 amafuta obwezeretsa, chakudya cha biofuel chimayamba. Kutuluka kwa biofuel kumachulukitsidwa pomwe kuyenda kwa mafuta obwezera m'mbuyo kumachepetsedwa mpaka kumatha ndipo kutuluka kwa biofuel kumayendetsedwa ndi kufunikira kwa mphamvu.

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    Panthawi yoyaka, phulusa limasungidwa mobwerezabwereza kumbuyo kwa chipinda choyatsira. Kuchokera pano, phulusa lomwe limakulungidwa ndi pang'onopang'ono lomwe limazungulira pang'onopang'ono, ndikusunthira pansi. Kudzera pamakina otseka, phulusa limagwera mumadzi osamba. Kuchokera pa izi, zomwe zimagwira ngati msampha wamadzi, phulusa limatengedwa ndi kakhwerero koyendera kupita ku chidebe cha phulusa.

Mapangidwe apadera azachuma champhamvu.

Ukadaulo wapakati-chilengedwe

Moyenerera, kuphatikiza kwa zinthu zakale komanso mafuta "achichepere", mtundu wa biofuel umatulutsa mpweya wabwino wokhala ndi kaboni dayokili komanso madzi okhala ndi nitrogen.

Kuphatikiza kwa mafuta a biofuel, mosiyana ndi mafuta a malasha, sizisintha zomwe zili mu mpweya mumlengalenga momwe mbewu zimamwa kaboni dayokisi ndikutulutsa mpweya mu nthawi yake yakukula. Kuphatikiza kwamphamvu palokha ndi njira yovuta kwambiri komanso nthawi zambiri kumachitika kofananirako komwe kumayendetsedwa ndi kunja ndi mkati mwa zinthu.

Pophatikiza, mafuta tinthu timene timakumana ndi zigawo zotsatirazi; evapition of kosasintha dera / gasization ndi kuphatikiza komaliza kutsalira kwa kaboni. Ndiye kuti, mafuta amasinthidwa kukhala mpweya woyaka womwe umayambiranso ndi mpweya wabwino ndi mpweya. Izi zimafuna nthawi, kutentha ndi kupezeka kwa mpweya.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mwaukadaulo, gawo lina la kaboni oxide komanso hydrocarbon limapezeka m'mipweya ya flue. Mafuta a carbon monoxide m'mipweya ya flue amatayika, chifukwa amakhala ndi mphamvu. Mpweya wa kaboni oxide umakumana mumlengalenga kukhala mpweya woipa.

Kuphatikiza pa kukhala otayika, ma hydrocarbons ndi zovulaza kwa anthu. Pazonsezi, izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi gawo lomwe limakhala ma hydrocarbons okhala ndi ma poly makamaka ma poly onunkhira.

Choyaka chowotchera biocomb chimapereka hydrocarbon osasunthika komanso kuchepa kwa mpweya wambiri mu mpweya wabwino kwambiri chifukwa cha kutentha kwambiri, mpweya wabwino / mafuta osakanikirana ndi nthawi yokwanira yokhalamo.

Kutentha kwamagetsi kumadalira phindu la kutentha ndi chinyezi cha mafuta, kutentha kwa mpweya woyaka ndi mpweya wambiri, komanso kuchuluka kwa mphamvu yomwe imachotsedwa mu lawi kudzera mu radiation ndi convection. Wotentha wa Biocomb amakwaniritsa kutentha kwapamwamba kwambiri chifukwa cha mpweya wochepa komanso kutayika pang'ono.

Popeza kuti pali nayitrogeni m'mlengalenga ndipo pamlingo wina wake mumafuta amapangitsa kuti zithe kupanga nitrogen oxides. Kuchulukitsa kwa nitric oxide kumawonjezeka ndi kutentha kowonjezera komanso ndi mpweya wowonjezera. Zinthu za Nitric oxide zimawonjezeka ndi nthawi yowonjezereka yokhalamo. Nitric oxide imanyenga kuti nthaka acidization ndi kufa m'nkhalango. Kutentha kwamphamvu mukamayaka mafuta okhala ndi michere yachilengedwe kumakhala koti kuchuluka kwa mapangidwe a nayitrogeni ndi otsika. Wotentha wa biocomb amapereka mpweya wochepa wa nitrogen oxide chifukwa cha mpweya wochepa komanso mpweya wabwino / mafuta osakaniza. Wotentha wa biocomb amakhalanso ndi mpweya wotsika wa nitric oxide ngakhale utsi womwe umapereka kutentha kwapamwamba kwambiri chifukwa cha mwayi wosavuta wolozetsa kuyambiranso kwa flue.

Mafuta

Mafuta olimba kwambiri amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito poyatsira Biocomb. Mulingo wake ndikuti kukula kwa tinthu kumalola dosing yopumira komanso ma pneumatic. Mwa kukhazikitsa mphako kapena crusher mu chomera, izi zimatha kukumana ndi mafuta amtundu uliwonse. Pazomera, mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamafuta ingagwiritsidwe ntchito mankhwala atasinthidwa mosavuta komanso zofunikira zenizeni zamafuta zimaperekedwa kuti zizilamulira.

Mitundu yonse yamafuta olimba imakhala ndi phulusa. Kutentha komwe phulusa limapangira slag kosiyana ndi mafuta ndi mafuta komanso kumadalira komwe mafuta amakulira. Wotentha wa Biocomb sazindikira mitundu yonse ya phulusa. Ilinso ndi gawo lolekanitsa phulusa ndi gawo lotsika kwambiri la osasinthika phulusa lolekanitsidwa. Phulusa laling'ono lomwe limasiya chowotchera ngati phulusa la ntchentche limakhala lopanda kutentha.

Kutembenuka ndikukhazikitsa kwatsopano

Makina oyaka a biocomb burner, kapangidwe kake kakang'ono kosiyanitsa phulusa ndi chowotcha ngati mafuta amoto kumapangitsa kuti ikhale yoyenera kwambiri pakusintha ma boiler omwe amawotchera mafuta kuti akhale mafuta olimba.

Popereka gawo lophika la boiler ndi ma turbulators, izi zimatha kupatsanso mphamvu zomwezo monga mafuta. Mwa kukhazikitsa kwatsopano, ma boiler okhazikika opangira mafuta amawotcha angagwiritsidwe ntchito, zomwe zimabweretsa ndalama zotsika mtengo.

Ma automation ndi maulamuliridwe adapangidwa mwanjira yoti magwiritsidwe omwewo osavuta monga kuwotcha mafuta amapezeka. Kuphatikiza apo, izi zimapatsa burner Biocomb chiwongolero chowongolera mpaka 20% ya mphamvu yakanema. Mafuta ochepa omwe amapezeka muzowotcha sifunikira zida zamafuta kapena zozizira mwadzidzidzi.

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Wotentha wa Biocomb ali ndi mawonekedwe osavuta komanso olimba omwe ali ndi mbali zochepa zoyenda. Zida zina pamakonzedwe athunthu ndi zamakono zodziwika bwino, zomwe zimapereka njira yosavuta komanso yodalirika yotsika mtengo komanso kukonza ndalama, pomwe kudalirika kogwira ntchito kumakhala kwakukulu kwambiri. Kugwiritsa ntchito bwino mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamafuta mu Biocomb burner pamodzi ndi zopindulitsa zina zimapereka mtengo watsopano wopangira mphamvu zamagetsi - chuma champhamvu.

Makina oyaka oyaka omwe amayaka mafuta oyaka amitundu iliyonse: udzu wosankhidwa, udzu wotsekeredwa, chilolezo cha tirigu, tchipisi, mphero, briquette, utuchi, zinyalala.

Nkhani kumbuyo kwa wowotchera.

Dera la ntchito kwa owotchera oyaka

Biocomb wowotchera wokwera pamabotolo oyaka atatu opangira madzi otentha, madzi otentha kapena nthunzi.
Biocomb burner imayikidwa pa chipinda chosakanikirana kuti ipange mipweya yotentha ya flue pazinthu zingapo zouma.
Biocomb burner yomwe imayatsidwa pa flue mpweya / mpweya wotentha poyatsira kapena kuyanika.